Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer

A man's prostate cancer is a small walnut-sized gland that produces semen. A man's prostate produces semen that nourishes and transports sperm. Symptoms include difficulty urinating, but sometimes there are no symptoms. Some types of prostate cancer grow slowly. In some of these cases, follow-up is recommended. Other types are aggressive and require radiation therapy, surgery, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, or other treatments.

Cancer is the #2 killer of men, accounting for 30% of all deaths in this demographic. Prostate cancer is the second-most common type of all cancers in men, after skin cancer, and the 3rd most common cause of cancer death in males. Ninety percent of cases occur after age 50 and 80% present as a localized disease (confined within the prostate).

Prostate cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer death among men. It is diagnosed in more than 2 million people each year, and its incidence rates are higher in African American and other minority populations. Remaining silent about prostate cancer may be the biggest threat to defeating this type of cancer, so it's important to share a little bit of information to help others understand what this disease can do.

Zinc is involved in direct and indirect pathways of cell growth. In addition, zinc controls enzymatic activity and the expression of genes that regulate apoptosis and DNA synthesis. A high level of zinc may make tumors grow at a faster rate. The prostate gland produces about 20% of our body's zinc. A healthy prostate also produces testosterone, which is essential for maintaining a normal libido, erectile function, mental alertness, and muscle mass. According to the Doctor.

Read more about Immune system modulators in prostate cancer

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer:-

Early-stage prostate cancer may not cause any signs or symptoms. Symptoms commonly noted during the advanced stage include:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Frequent urination
  • Decreased force of urination
  • Difficulty starting or stopping the urine stream
  • Blood in semen
  • Pain or discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Bone pain

A regular check-up every once in a while is a must, and as soon as you find any of the related symptoms, consult a cancer specialist in Delhi, India Dr. Sajjan Rajpurohit. 
 

Trouble Urinating

Well, the truth is that these two topics are actually closely related. When it comes to peeing, drinking plenty of water and going to the bathroom regularly are key. But if you're still having trouble urinating even after trying those methods then it may be time to go see your doctor as there could be a more serious issue (like an infection) plaguing your bladder.

Frequent urination

Frequent urination is when your bladder feels the need to be emptied of urine more than eight times during a 24-hour period. In medical terminology, this condition is also known as polyuria.

There are many causes of frequent urination, but one of the underlying factors is diabetes.

Decreased force of urination

A decrease in the force of urination can occur when the body has gone through great physical stress, such as during periods of irregular food intake and lack of sleep. The kidneys play the main role in controlling this. When you are experiencing a decrease in the force of urination, it is important to find out what is causing this change so that you can handle it accordingly and keep your health at a high level.

Difficulty starting or stopping the urine stream

Many things can cause an issue in terms of urinating which may lead to a urinary tract infection (UTI), such as a number of health conditions, kidney stones, and even dehydration. What are some ways that both men and women can start or stop their stream of urine? Take a look at this informative blog post for more information.

As the human body ages, it is normal to experience changes that affect our ability to urinate. The process of urination may become much more difficult or even impossible in some cases.

Blood in semen

The presence of blood in your semen is called hematospermia (also called hemospermia). Hematospermia can be a common concern for men who have it. However, it is unlikely to be a sign of a serious health condition.

Pain or discomfort in the pelvic area

Pelvic pain is a symptom of infection. And it can cause pain in some internal organs, such as the pelvic bones or the abdomen, or the colon.

Bone pain

If you’ve been experiencing different types of chronic or sudden bone pain in the last six months, you might have prostate cancer. A common symptom of prostate cancer, this pain can be felt anywhere in the body where there are bones, so it should not be dismissed as a minor issue.

Stages of Prostate Cancer:-

Stage 1: Stage 1 of Prostate Cancer is small and grows slowly. Although they occur within the prostate, they are not able to be detected during a physical exam. There are no symptoms of prostate cancer or other health problems in this stage 1st of prostate cancer.

Stage 2: In stage 2 of Prostate Cancer, the doctor can feel cancer in the prostate because they are larger than cancer in stage 1 of prostate cancer. There are two types of Prostate cancer in stages 2, 2A, and 2B. 2A cancers can be T1 tumors with high PSA or T2 or T2B with low PSA. 2B cancers can be T2C tumors or those with a high PSA can be T2A or T2B.

Stage 3: Stage 3 of Prostate cancer has grown very rapidly outside the prostate. They may have reached the seminal vesicles and not the rectum or bladder. Stage 3 of Prostate Cancer is mostly reversible after treatment.

Stage 4: Stage 4 of Prostate cancer is a metastasis stage. It is likely to spread to nearby organs such as the rectum, bladder, or nearby lymph nodes. Distant organs such as bones may also be affected. Mostly, this stage is not curable.

Treatments for Prostate Cancer:-

Surgery – If prostate cancer has not spread outside the prostate gland, the surgeon may perform a radical prostatectomy to remove the entire prostate gland, surrounding tissue, and nearby lymph nodes (to prevent spread outside the prostate gland). This may involve using a laparoscopic or robotic approach or open surgery.

Read more about Robotic surgery

Hormone therapy – The hormones that help cancer cells grow are blocked so that they cannot reach the cancer cells. Prostate cancer cells depend on the hormone testosterone to grow and divide. Methods include the use of drugs that reduce the production of testosterone, drugs that block the supply of testosterone, and surgical removal of the testicles to completely stop the production of testosterone. This method is used to reduce the size of cancer and is also used before radiation therapy to treat advanced cases of prostate cancer.

Read more about Hormone therapy

Immunotherapy– In this method, the body's immune system is used to attack cancer cells. This may include- a) helping immune cells to detect and attack cancer cells; b) Genetically engineering immune cells outside the body in laboratories, and then injecting them back into the body, which can then find and kill prostate cancer cells.

Read more about Immunotherapy

Chemotherapy – drugs are given by intravenous injection or orally to kill cancer cells and reduce the size of the tumor. It is used to treat high-grade and fast-spreading prostate cancer that has already spread to other parts of the body.

Read more about Chemotherapy