Cancer is a deadly disease. Due to negligence in the treatment of this disease, the patient loses his life. Only if the symptoms of a life-threatening disease like cancer are seen, the patient should be treated only after consulting a doctor. You can meet the best medical oncologist Dr. Sajjan Rajpurohit for this. Apart from chemotherapy, many other treatments are also used to treat cancer. Targeted therapy is used in the treatment of many types of cancer. Targeted therapy is done to control and cure cancer cells. This therapy is done to stop the growth and development of cancer cells. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has also approved the use of targeted therapy for the treatment of several types of cancer. This therapy is designed to match the changes in DNA and the growth of cancer cells.
How Does Targeted Therapy Work?
When cancer cells develop in the body, the cells form tissues in the body. For example, in your blood cells, brain cells and skin cells, cancer cells are formed. All types of cells work in the body. Cancer cells build up in the body due to genetic mutations and many other reasons. These cells of the body are inactivated by targeted therapy. In this therapy, cancer cells are also stopped from growing and dividing. Through this therapy, only cancer cells in the body are targeted. This therapy is given after identifying the genetic changes that help the tumor to grow and transform. Through this, the proteins present in the cancer cells are targeted. In targeted therapy, cancer cells are blocked and destroyed, so the patient's healthy cells are saved in this therapy. Cancer cells are different from healthy cells. This therapy is designed in such a way that it allows cancer cells to be detected separately and they can be destroyed in such a safe way that there is no harm to healthy cells.
Types of Targeted Therapy:-
- Kinase inhibitor
- Angiogenesis Inhibitors
- Monoclonal antibody
Benefits of Targeted Therapy:-
Different targeted therapies offer various advantages. Contingent upon your treatment objectives, your drug(s) might be utilized to:
- Square or mood killer flags that advise disease cells to develop or duplicate.
- Change proteins inside malignant growth cells that make those cells pass on.
- Keep fresh blood vessels from framing, which removes blood supply to your cancer.
- Advise your invulnerable framework to go after the disease cells.
- Convey poisons that kill disease cells without hurting solid cells.
Side effects of Targeted Therapy:-
- Acne-like rash on the scalp, face, neck, chest, and back.
- Itching and burning problem.
- Extreme sensitivity to sunlight.
- Dry skin problem.
- Swollen, painful sores on your fingernails and toes.
- Problems with the scalp and hair loss or baldness.
- Redness of eyelids and problems related to eyes.