Mouth and Oral Cancer
Mouth cancer is a type of cancer of the throat and head and is often treated as such. Mouth cancer mostly occurs after the age of 40, and men are more prone to it than women. A total of 77,003 new cases of mouth cancer have been registered in India this year and 52,067 people have died. Oral cancer is detected when it has spread to the lymph nodes in your neck and if oral cancer is detected early, the risk of life is low.
Types of Mouth Cancer (Oral Cancer)-
- Lip Cancer
- Tongue Cancer
- Inner Cheek Cancer
- Gum Cancer
- Cancer of the lower part of the mouth
You should see your dentist as soon as you see symptoms of oral cancer. According to the dentist, at least twice a year, get your mouth examined by your doctor. Let us know about its symptoms, dangers, its stages. And you can meet Mouth Cancer Specialist Dr. Sajjan Rajpurohit
Symptoms of Mouth Cancer (Oral Cancer):-
In the early stages of mouth cancer, it is not detected and there are no symptoms, but people who smoke or drink alcohol on a daily basis should have their mouth checked from time to time by their dentist.
The Main Symptoms of mouth cancer (oral cancer) are as follows-
- Non-healing blister on the lips or mouth
- Mouth enlargement
- Bleeding from the mouth
- Loose tooth
- Mouth pain or difficulty swallowing
- Sudden lump in the neck
- Sudden weight loss
- Numbness of the lips, face, neck, or chin
- Red and white patches on the mouth or lips
- Throat pain
- Dry mouth
- Jaw pain or stiffness
- Tongue pain
Although having these symptoms doesn't mean you have mouth cancer, you should definitely see your dentist and continue to check on them from time to time after your visit. Some of these symptoms, such as a sore throat or earache, can also indicate some other illness. However, if you notice any of these symptoms, especially if they do not go away even with the first treatment or if there is more than one symptom at a time, do not ignore them and do not ignore them as soon as possible. See your dentist or doctor as soon as possible and get the proper treatment.
Cause of Mouth cancer (Oral Cancer)
Smoking: Smoking is the most common cause of mouth cancer, and people who smoke cigarettes, cigars, or pipes have the highest risk of mouth cancer.
Consumption of tobacco: If you say tobacco in any form, then it can also become a major cause of oral cancer.
Drinking alcohol in excess.
Mouth cancer stages
The stages of oral cancer increase as follows-
Stage 1: In this stage, the tumor is less than 1 inch in size and has not reached nearby lymph nodes.
Stage 2: The tumor grows to 1 to 2 inches and has not reached nearby lymph nodes.
Stage 3: In this stage, the tumor grows to about 2 inches but does not spread either; it does not grow more than 1 inch but has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
Stage 4: Cancer in this stage has spread to the mouth and cancer affects the tissues around the mouth, lips, and possibly nearby lymph nodes; Or it spreads to the rest of the body.
The stages of cancer tell how it can be treated as well as how likely it is to be cured.
Treatment of Mouth Cancer:-
Some common treatments for mouth cancer are as follows:
Surgery: In this procedure, an operation has to be done to remove the tumor from the entire mouth. A small incision is made in the neck or jaw so that the place where the tumor is located can be easily removed. After the tumor is surgically removed, that part of the mouth is reconstructed. In these cases, surgeons may perform pedicle or free flap reconstruction.
Read more about Robotic Surgery
Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy involves the use of radiation technology to treat the area of the mouth where cancer has spread and healthy tissue is spread over that place. External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and brachytherapy are the two most common radiation therapies used to treat oral cancer.
Read more about Radiation therapy
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy often combined with radiation therapy is used to destroy cancer cells throughout the body using anticancer drugs to remove cancer. Cancer cells are destroyed at different stages by mixing different chemotherapy drugs.
Read more about Chemotherapy
Targeted drug therapy: Targeted drug therapy directly strikes the cancerous cells to eliminate them from their roots and stops the cancer cells from growing. This therapy can be used in combination with both chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy to treat mouth cancer.
Read more about Targeted therapy
Some important facts about Mouth Cancer:-
About 80% of Mouth Cancer cases are due to tobacco use alone.
The average age of getting mouth cancer is 50 years.
Mouth cancer rates in men are much higher than in women and these rates increase with age.
If the symptoms of mouth cancer are recognized and treated at the very beginning, then your chances of survival increase by 82%.
Similarly, if it is identified and treated in the advanced stage, then the survival rate is up to 27%.
As soon as the symptoms of mouth cancer are seen, the dentist should be shown immediately and it should be treated properly without delay. It is often seen that Indian people do not take special care of oral health, due to which they have to face a lot of oral diseases. To avoid all kinds of oral problems, visit the dentist regularly and take special care of your oral and oral health.