Normal cells in your bones become cancerous when they grow out of control. It destroys normal tumors in the bone. It is growing aggressively and spreading to other parts of the body.
The tumor is commonly referred to as cancer. Bone Cancer is a rare type of cancer that starts in the bones. It can affect any bone in the body, but most commonly affects the pelvis or the long bones of the limbs. Some types of bone cancer affect children, while most affect adults.
Surgical removal is the most common treatment, but chemotherapy and radiotherapy are also options.
Although experts haven't been able to pinpoint the cause of bone cancer, they have discovered a connection between the disease and other factors. The most important factor is exposure to radiation and drugs during treatment for other cancers.
At present, there is no way to prevent it. Since radiation therapy is necessary for the treatment of other types of cancer, it cannot be avoided.
Like any other disease, it is very important to understand its signs and symptoms.
Stages of Bone Cancer
Stage I of bone Cancer
The initial stage of bone cancer, that is, the first stage, can be divided into two parts A and B. 'A' is its early stage, in which the cancer is minor and has not spread to other parts. There is mild swelling at the site of cancer. Whereas in the 'B' stage, cancer has reached the bone walls.
Stage II of Bone Cancer
Bone cancer becomes severe by its second stage. Its second phase can also be divided into two phases. In the first stage, the spread of cancer is more, but it is limited to the bones rather than reaching other parts of the body. But in the second stage, it has spread to the surrounding tissues and bones.
Stage III of Bone Cancer
The third stage of bone cancer can be fatal. By this stage, the patient's lungs are vulnerable to cancer. Apart from this, cancer also spreads to other parts of the body.
Stage IV of Bone Cancer
In this stage, bone cancer has spread to almost every part of the body. Along with this, the lungs have been badly affected. This condition is very serious for the patient.
Stage V of Bone Cancer
When bone cancer spreads in the body, the healthy cells of the bones get affected, start dying and the bones become completely weak and lifeless, due to which the base of the body starts ending.
Sarcomas make up 2-3 percent of other cancers. As a result, even doctors may not be caught, and as the disease progresses, it gets noticed. If you find any symptoms in this situation, first show them to your orthopedic surgeon. For that diagnosis, a diagnostic test is first done to find out what is wrong. Then check the condition of the bone with the help of X-rays. After this, a biopsy will be done. Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy are used when talking about the treatment.
Symptoms of Bone Cancer
- Bone pain that persists
- Lumpiness and swelling
- Fractures that occur frequently
- To be Stiff
- Fatigue, Fever
- Loss of Weight Suddenly
Treatment of Bone Cancer
Sarcomas account for two to three percent of other cancers. That's why sometimes even doctors are not able to catch it and when this disease progresses, then it gets attention. In such a situation, if any kind of symptoms is found, first of all, show them to the best Medical oncologist. For its diagnosis, first of all, a diagnostic test is done, in which it is seen what is the problem. After which the condition of the bone is ascertained with the help of an X-ray. After this, a biopsy is done. Talking about its treatment, Robotic surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy are used in it.