In cancer, the cells of the body start growing uncontrollably. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts, even if it has spread to other parts of the body. When cancer starts in the cervix, it is called cervical cancer. The cervix connects the vagina to the upper part of the uterus. Cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer in women worldwide. But because it grows slowly and there are ways to prevent it, According to the World Health Organisation, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women. In 2018, globally, around 570000 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer and 311000 people died due to cervical cancer.
For cervical cancer treatment, you can meet the Best medical oncologist in Delhi.
Stages of Cervical Cancer
After all the tests are done and their results are out, it can be told at what stage the cancer is. Staging shows how far cancer has spread. Staging is done as follows:
Stage 0 of Cervical Cancer - There are no cancerous cells in the cervix, but some biological changes have taken place, which can lead to cancer in the future. This is called "carcinoma in situ" or "cervical intraepithelial neoplasia".
Stage 1 of Cervical Cancer - The cancer is in the cervix itself.
Stage 2 of Cervical Cancer - Cancer has spread to the tissues around the cervix but not to the lining of the pelvis or the lower part of the vagina.
Stage 3 of Cervical Cancer - Cancer has reached the lower part of the vagina and/or the pelvic lining.
Stage 4 of Cervical Cancer – Cancer has spread to the intestines, bladder, or other organs, such as the lungs.
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
Changes in cells occur before cervical cancer begins and there are usually no symptoms in the early stages of cervical cancer. Possible symptoms of advanced cervical cancer include abnormal or irregular vaginal bleeding, painful intercourse, or abnormal vaginal discharge.
- Unusual vaginal bleeding during or after intercourse
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding after menopause
- Watery, bloody heavy vaginal discharge with a foul odor
- Pelvic pain
- Pain during intercourse
A regular check-up every once in a while is a must, and as soon as you find any of the related symptoms, consult a cancer specialist in Delhi, India Dr. Sajjan Rajpurohit.
Treatments of Cervical Cancer
If cervical cancer is detected early, it is completely curable. There are four main treatments for cervical cancer – surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Sometimes two or more of these treatments are used together to make them more effective.
Surgery can be done to remove cancer. The type of surgery depends on where the cervical cancer is and how far it has spread, and whether or not you want to conceive after surgery.
Read more about Robotic Surgery
In this procedure, high-dose X-rays or implants are used in the vaginal cavity to destroy cancer cells. It is used in certain stages of cancer. This technique is often used in conjunction with other treatment techniques.
Read more about Radiation therapy
In this, cancer cells are destroyed using drugs. It is used in the treatment of advanced-stage cancer.
Read more about Chemotherapy
It is a combination of chemotherapy and radiation.
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